Birth Control

These methods prevent eggs from being released from the ovaries, thicken cervical mucus to keep sperm out and thin the lining of the uterus to prevent implementation.
In other words, these methods keep the body from being releasing an egg.
You must use a condom additionally to protect from STDS!

Vaginal Ring

Vaginal Ring

What is it?

A small ring you put in your vagina containing hormones that prevent pregnancy

How effective is it?

99%

Do I need a prescription?

Yes, you do

How long does it last?

Once a month for 3 weeks to prevent pregnancy.

Interuterine Uterine Device or IUD

What is it?

An inserted t-shaped rod that prevents sperm from fertilizing the egg

How effective is it?

99%

Do I need a prescription?

Yes, you do

How long does it last?

3 to 10 years, depending on the type. Mirena works up to 6 years, Kyleena works up to 5 years, Skyla and Liletta work up to 3 years.
Paragard may be used as emergency contraception as well.
The Shot

The Shot

What is it?

An injection of artifical hormones that stops the ovaries from releasing eggs

How effective is it?

99% effective

Do I need a prescription?

Yes, you do

How long does it last?

For three months

The Patch

What is it?

A small patch worn on the skin that stops the ovaries from releasing eggs

How effective is it?

99% effective

Do I need a prescription?

Yes, you do

How long does it last?

Wear a new patch every 7 days for 3 weeks, remove for one week and begin again
The Pill

The Pill

What is it?

A pill with hormones taken each day to prevent pregnancy. There are 2 kinds of pills. Combination pills contain estrogen and progestin (hormones) while the other birth control pills can be progestin only.

How effective is it?

92% with less than perfect use, 99% with perfect use

Do I need a prescription?

Yes, you do

How long does it last?

As long as pills are taken

The Implant

What is it?

A match sized rod that is inserted into the arm that prevents eggs from being released

How effective is it?

99%

Do I need a prescription?

Yes, you do

How long does it last?

Lasts up to 4 years

In many cases, they are barrier methods. These types of birth control that do not involve hormones.

Spermicide can be a helpful addition to contraception

Spermicide

What is it?

A substance that keeps sperm from moving and causing pregnancy

How effective is it?

71%-82%

Do I need a prescription?

No, you don’t

How long does it last?

One time use

Condom

What is it?

A thin sheath placed over the penis to keep sperm from entering the body. In addition to the contraceptive benefits, condoms also protect against STDs

How effective is it?

82%-98% effective

Do I need a prescription?

No, you don’t

How long does it last?

One time use

Female condom

What is it?

An internal condom made of rubber that a woman places inside the vagina and it keeps sperm from entering her body. Don’t use this with a male condom!

How effective is it?

79%

Do I need a prescription?

No, you don’t

How long does it last?

One time use

Diaphragm

What is it?

A dome-shaped latex disk that fits inside the vagina and blocks sperm from reaching the egg

How effective is it?

88%

Do I need a prescription?

Yes; it’s fitted by a clinician

How long does it last?

It’s inserted prior to sex

Cervical cap

What is it?

Similar to a diaphragm, you insert it into your vagina to keep sperm out of the uterus. You need to use spermicide with the cervical cap for full benefits.

How effective is it?

71% effective with typical use, 86% effective with perfect use

Do I need a prescription?

Yes, you do. You will have to be fitted for it by a health care professional at a clinic, as it is fitted to your cervix

How long does it last?

It needs to be placed each time you have intercourse; remember to keep it clean and safe

Other means of preventing pregnancy.
You must use a condom to protect against STDs!

Abstinence is effective as long as it's practiced perfectly!

Abstinence

What is it?

Refraining from having sex

How effective is it?

100%

Do I need a prescription?

No, you don’t

How long does it last?

As long as you use it
The Calendar Method

Natural Family Planning

What is it?

Women recognize and keep track of their menstrual cycle.

How effective is it?

76%

Do I need a prescription?

No, you don’t

How long does it last?

As long as you use it

Withdrawl

What is it?

Pulling the penis out before ejaculation occurs

How effective is it?

73%

Do I need a prescription?

No, you don’t

How long does it last?

As long as you use it

Sterilization

What is it?

For men or women, a surgical procedure that prevents pregnancy

How effective is it?

99%

Do I need a prescription?

Yes, you do

How long does it last?

It’s permanent

Other means of preventing pregnancy.
You must use a condom to protect against STDs!

Emergency Contraception

What is it?

Birth control that you can use up to 5 days after unprotected sex

How effective is it?

If taken within 24 hours after sex, this will reduce the risk of pregnancy by up to 95%

Do I need a prescription?

Next Choice® and Plan B One-Step are available without a prescription for women 15 years and older. Ella and the ParaGard IUD are available to all women by prescription.

How long does it last?

It’s best if used within 3 days, but is still effective up to 5 days after intercourse.